Africa Profile

Africa is the second largest continent in the world after Asia with an area of about 30.3 million square kilometres or 11.7 square miles. Africa covers about 20.4% of the surface area of the earth. It is among the seven continents of the world that include Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Asia, Europe, North America and South America.

Borders of Africa

Africa is surrounded by water in all directions. It is bordered in the north by the Mediterranean Sea, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea in the northeast, the Indian Ocean in the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean in the west.

Countries of Africa

The countries of Africa include the following;

Angola
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Democratic Republic of Congo
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Republic of the Congo
Sao Tome
Burundi
Comoros
Djibouti
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Kenya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mozambique
Rwanda
Seychelles
Somalia
South Sudan
Tanzania
UgandaZambia
Zimbabwe
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Morocco
Sudan
Tunisia
Mauritius
Botswana
Lesotho
Namibia
South Africa
Swaziland
Benin
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Gambia
Ghana
Nigeria
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Ivory Coast
Liberia
Mali
Mauritania
Niger
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Togo

Population of Africa

The world population stands at 7.4 billion people. The African continent  has  a share of 15.5% or  1.15 billion people of the global population as on July 1, 2015  and it is distributed  by country in descending order is as follows;

  1. Nigeria 184,000,000
  2. Ethiopia 90,076,000
  3. Egypt    88,523,000
  4. Democratic Republic of the Congo 77,267,000
  5. South Africa 54,957,000
  6. Tanzania 48,829,000
  7. Kenya 44,234,000
  8. Algeria 39,903,000
  9. Sudan 38,435,000
  10. Uganda 35,760,000
  11. Morocco 36,680,000
  12. Ghana 27,714,000
  13. Mozambique 25,728,000
  14. Angola 25,326,000
  15. Ivory Coast 23,326,000
  16. Madagascar 23,043,000
  17. Cameroon 21,918,000
  18. Niger 18,880,000
  19. Burkina Faso 18,450,000
  20. Mali 17,796,000
  21. Malawi 16,307,000
  22. Zambia 15,474,000
  23. Senegal 14,150,000
  24. Chad 13,675,000
  25. Zimbabwe 13,503,000
  26. South Sudan 12,519,000
  27. Rwanda 11,324,000
  28. Tunisia 11,118,000
  29. Somalia 10,972,000
  30. Guinea 10,935,000
  31. Benin 10,782,000
  32. Burundi 9,824,000
  33. Togo 7,065,000
  34. Eritrea 6,895,000
  35. Sierra Leone 6,513,000
  36. Libya 6,278,000
  37. Central African Republic 4,900,000
  38. Republic of the Congo 4,706,000
  39. Liberia 4,046,000
  40. Mauritania 3,632,000
  41. Namibia 2,281,000
  42. Botswana 2,176,000
  43. Gambia 2,022,000
  44. Equatorial Guinea 1,996,000
  45. Lesotho 1,908,000
  46. Gabon 1,873,000
  47. Guinea-Bissau 1,788,000
  48. Mauritius 1,263,000
  49. Swaziland 1,119,000
  50. Djibouti 961,000
  51. Réunion (France) 853,000
  52. Comoros 783,000
  53. Cape Verde 525,000
  54. Western Sahara[6] 509,000
  55. Mayotte (France) 229,000
  56. São Tomé and Príncipe 194,000
  57. Seychelles 97,000  01
  58. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 4,000

Total    1,153,308,000

Source of information ()

Africa endowments

Africa is gifted by nature and is endowed with abundant and unexploited resources that can be used for the economic development of Africa. The long list of Africa endowments is as follows;

  1. Youthful population with about 200 million in the age bracket of between 15 and 24 years.
  2. Africa has 4,050 km 3/yr of renewable water resources or 9 per cent of the world’s total freshwater resources although not evenly distributed. Africa is the second driest continent after Australia.
  3. Africa has around 600 million hectares of uncultivated arable land about 60% of the world total of arable land
  4. Africa has exceptional tourism potential
  5. Africa is a continent on the equator and yet with varying climatic conditions. It has deserts, savannah grassland and rain forests. It has snow on top of some of its tall mountains.
  6. Africa is endowed with mineral resources
  7. Africa has over 130 billion barrels of proven oil reserves.
  8. Africa has gas reserves estimated at 441 trillion cubic ft.
  9. Africa has about 22% of forest and woodland but a small percentage is protected.

Economic blocks in Africa

Africa has a number of economic blocks created with the aim of promoting the economic community of Africa. The major blocks are as follows;

  1. AMU/UMA- The Arab Maghreb Union
  2. CEN-SAD- The Community of Sahel-Saharan States
  3. COMESA-Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
  4. EAC- East African Community
  5. CEEAC-ECCAS- Economic Community of Central Africa States
  6. CEDEAO-ECOWAS- The Economic Community of West African States
  7. IGAD – The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
  8. SADC-South African Development Community

About The Author

John Muhaise-Bikalemesa (JMB), is the founder of Muhaise.com blog and bigdrumassociates.com company. Learn more about him here and connect with him on his social medias below

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